The Hindi translation for “organic farming” is “जैविक खेती“. The important factor to understand here is the terminology, the way it changes from English to Hindi.
Organic, what we learned in school was – anything based on the carbon as the base element, that’s why we have a complete stream in chemistry called – the organic chemistry. However, the dictionary meaning is somewhat more applicable to the “organic Farming” – its and adjective noting or pertaining to a class of chemical compounds that formerly comprised only those existing in or derived from plants or animals, but that now includes all other compounds of carbon. The term “जैविक” in Hindi, is however related to biology or life sciences. It means a process related to life. Thus it can be taken as the natural way.
Now keeping the above ideology in mind, the difference between the famous Green Revolution and the Organic Farming is basically the fact that Green Revolution, started in India in 1963 was a mechanical and chemical way of farming, whereas “organic farming” is the biological or the natural way of farming.
It is understood that, before Green Revolution, what we did was the conventional way of farming. Cow dung was used as manure, cow urine for pesticides, land was kept vacant after a crop of pulse for one cycle and so on. We understood science then as well, else we wouldn’t have used methods like manure, pesticides and leaving the land vacant for completion of nitrogen cycle in order to fulfill the nitrogen replenishment cycle after a protein rich pulse crop.
And if that was so, how did the production increased after mechanical & chemical farming was introduced?
Answer to the above basic question can be understood well, with an example of home remedies and allopathy. Home remedies are the natural way or the organic way, but allopathy is chemical based therapy. Allopathy is precise and gives faster results by inducing chemical catalyst. It gives immediate results, but in longer run, body / decease causing pathogen / bacteria / virus etc. can develop an immunity to the induced chemicals. And this is the point where the nature presides over the man-made chemical process. That’s why we keep getting health advisory from doctors and government agencies that we shouldn’t be using any medicine without a proper diagnosis & prescription.
But the biggest question is – is natural way of doing things better or the synthetic mechanism is better than the natural process?
Man in itself is a product of nature only. All the science around us, be it physics, chemistry, biology, space research or any other stream of science – is just a quest of mankind to understand the nature. Newton didn’t invent gravity, it existed before and after him, but he just explained the process. Albert Einstein once admitted that – “the more I try to know, the vaster the nature becomes. I just get to know, how little I know.” And much before Einstein, Plato once quoted – “I am considered to be the wisest man, and I just know that I know nothing”. – That’s the scale of nature. Then how is science different from natural ways of doing things? The answer is the impatient nature of human beings.
We had all the science & technology in Vedic India and still we lived in harmony with nature. We had medicine science (आयुर्वेद), we had astronomy (खगोल), weaponry (from आग्नेयास्त्र to ब्रह्मास्त्र, studied under अस्त्र विद्या), architecture & civil engineering (वास्तु शास्त्र), philosophy (शास्त्र विद्या), physics (भौतिक विज्ञान), Chemistry (रसायन विज्ञान) and so on. But in the modern science, just for our impatience, whatever we do to expedite the process, we tend to cross the line and disturb the ecological balance. Nature works in a very balanced approach, and that’s what we’ve learnt in science as well. There are carbon cycles, nitrogen cycles, food chain, water cycle and so on. In the entire process the balance is maintained. This makes all the natural processes as cyclic and long term, self-sustaining. With manual interventions, we create that imbalance, unless our approach is in harmony with the ecological balance. What happened with the mechanized- chemical induced agriculture was something like what happens in case of a drug immunity. Initially, the soil did show change in the production with additional chemicals, but eventually soil became immune to the chemicals, and thus every year, the amount of urea & pesticides / insecticides or any other chemicals increases. A prolonged use of same pesticides and insecticides, eventually make them useless as the insects & pests also develop immunity to those chemicals.
But when we switch back to “organic farming” the production dips substantially. If Organic is natural, it should increase the production, not decrease it. Okay, so to understand this, the best example is cigarette. You don’t need to smoke for living. But you do smoke. Nicotine is a stimulant, it make you more alert and you are able to concentrate better. And when you smoke, you develop a habit for it. You consistently increase the number of cigarettes per day, and then you fall sick. But when you fall sick, simply leaving smoking doesn’t help you cure. You need a lot of additional nutrition for getting back to normal. Similarly, when you’ve already done a harm to the soil quality due to chemical induction, you need to add a lot more nutrition to restore the natural health of the soil. Thus the crop yield gets lower when you switch back to conventional methods.
In the natural jungles, there are no manures or urea or any other additive required. They are lush green. Plants are healthy, and so are animals, be it grass eaters (herbivorous) or meat eaters (carnivorous). All survive, develop, get eaten or eat others (plants or animals) but they all flourish. The reason is the ecosystem. All the flora and fauna have a symbiotic relationship. They all replenish each other’s deficiencies and thus an ecosystem gets formed.
Our agri & rural product associate Vedic Cownomics Pvt. Ltd., dedicated to work for upliftment of rural economy has succeeded in bringing in a product based on the above principles, that can resolve the farmers problem of shifting to “Organic Farming” with a better yield than the chemical based farming. the product is 100% indigenous and 100% organic to restore the natural ecology and build a health crop.